July 16, 2016
The Independent (UK)

Turkey's Coup May Have Failed -- But History Shows That It Won't Be Long Before Another One Succeeds

Too late did Erdogan realise the cost of the role he had chosen for his country -- when you can no longer trust your army, there are serious issues that need to be addressed

by Robert Fisk

Recep Tayyip Erdogan had it coming. The Turkish army was never going to remain compliant while the man who would recreate the Ottoman Empire turned his neighbours into enemies and his country into a mockery of itself. But it would be a grave mistake to assume two things: that the putting down of a military coup is a momentary matter after which the Turkish army will remain obedient to its sultan; and to regard at least 161 deaths and more than 2,839 detained in isolation from the collapse of the nation-states of the Middle East.

For the weekend's events in Istanbul and Ankara are intimately related to the breakdown of frontiers and state-belief -- the assumption that Middle East nations have permanent institutions and borders -- that has inflicted such wounds across Iraq, Syria, Egypt and other countries in the Arab world. Instability is now as contagious as corruption in the region, especially among its potentates and dictators, a class of autocrat of which Erdogan has been a member ever since he changed the constitution for his own benefit and restarted his wicked conflict with the Kurds. . . .

All in all, then, a far more dramatic series of events have taken place in Turkey this weekend than may at first appear. From the frontier of the EU, through Turkey and Syria and Iraq and large parts of Egypt's Sinai Peninsula and on to Libya and . . . Tunisia, there is now a trail of anarchy and failed states. Sir Mark Sykes and Francois Georges-Picot began the Ottoman Empire's dismemberment -- with help from Arthur Balfour -- but it continues to this day.

In this grim historical framework must we view the coup-that-wasn't in Ankara. Stand by for another one in the months or years to come.


Eric Brahm, "A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East," 1st American Ed. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Co., 1989.

Enver Masud, "Regime Change American Style," The Wisdom Fund, February 15, 2001

["This is a memo that describes how we're going to take out seven countries in five years, starting with Iraq, and then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and, finishing off, Iran."--Gen. Wesley Clark, "'Seven Countries in Five Years',", March 2, 2007]

[In his memoir Gundes claims that Fethullah Gulen's worldwide Islamic movement based in Pennsylvania has been providing cover for the CIA since the mid-1990s, and that in the 90s, the movement "sheltered 130 CIA agents" at its schools in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan alone.--Sibel Edmonds, "Turkish Intel Chief Exposes CIA Operations via Islamic Group in Central Asia,", January 6, 2011]

[They do this using alleged Al-Qaeda groups, Saudi Salafists or Wahhabites, or using disciples of Turkey's Fethullah Gulen Movement to ignite fires of religious hatred within Islam and against other faiths--F. William Engdahl, "Salafism and the CIA: Destabilizing the Russian Federation?,", September 14, 2012]

[Gulen's request to remain in the United States was endorsed by a former top official dealing with the Middle East in the Central Intelligence Agency--M K Bhadrakumar, "Et tu, Gul? Then fall, Erdogan," June 5, 2013]

"Sibel Edmonds Dissects the Turkish Coup,", July 18, 2016

Graham E. Fuller, "The Gulen Movement Is Not a Cult -- It's One of the Most Encouraging Faces of Islam Today,", July 22, 2016 ("Graham Fuller and Morton Abromovitz were some of the prominent references in Gulen's green card application")

VIDEO: "Erdogan's Turkey,", July 22, 2016

"Turkey's Coup Plotters are Members of NATO's Rapid Deployable Corps," Newsbud Breaking News, July 24, 2016

Philip Giraldi, "Erdogan Takes Control: A phony coup is today's Reichstag fire,", July 26, 2016

[There is little question left that the followers of Fethullah Gulen were behind the coup attempt--Patrick Cockburn, "Once the Great Hope of the Middle East, Turkey Is Weak and Unstable,", July 31, 2016]

M K Bhadrakumar, "Turkey gets its act together on Syria,", August 23, 2016

[Gulen is an old CIA asset that helped the U.S. deep state to control Turkey. . . .

An Israeli company (or whoever is behind it) wants a gas pipeline to Turkey. It hires Flynn and Alptekin to arrange a positive climate for the Leviathan pipeline within the Turkish government.--Bernhard, "Gas From Israel And The Flynn Wiretapping - Behind The Deep-State Infighting Over The Trump Election,", March 26, 2017]

Robert Fisk, "Fethullah Gulen is facing extradition to Turkey by Donald Trump,", July 13, 2017

back button