by Bethan McKernan
In August 2011, as Libya's rebels and Nato jets began an assault
on Tripoli, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi delivered a speech calling on
his supporters to defend the country from foreign invaders.
"There is a conspiracy to control Libyan oil and to control Libyan
land, to colonise Libya once again. This is impossible,
impossible. We will fight until the last man and last woman to
defend Libya from east to west, north to south," he said in a
message broadcast by a pro-regime television station. Two months
later, the dictator was dragged bleeding and confused from a storm
drain in his hometown of Sirte, before being killed.
Nine years on, after the outbreak of a second civil war, Gaddafi's
proclamation is not far from the truth -- but as the US has
retreated from the role it played in his downfall, a constellation
of emboldened regional powers has descended on Libya instead. As
the battle moves to Sirte, gateway to the country's oil crescent, . . .
Enver Masud, "Libya CW Factory(?) U.S. Threatened To
Nuke Opens," The Wisdom Fund, September 4, 1996
Andrew Buncombe and Paul Kelbie, "Libya Gives
£1.7bn to the Victims of Lockerbie, But the Questions Remain," The Independent (UK),
August 15, 2003
"Libya: A 'Socialist Paradise' Under Colonial Attack,"
The Wisdom Fund, April 1, 2011
Jean-Paul Pougala, "The Lies Behind the West's War
on Libya," pambazuka.org, April 14, 2011
Robert D. Crane, "Qaddafi Launched Program to
Privatize Libya's Oil to Every Citizen of Libya," The Wisdom Fund, May 12, 2011
Nick Turse, "Violence Has Spiked in Africa Since the Military Founded AFRICOM,
Pentagon Study Finds," The Intercept,
July 29 2019