"A Long History of U.S. Intervention
in Somalia: From Black Hawk Down to 2010," The Wisdom Fund, July 13, 2010
Kim Sengupta, "Britain's New Year
Resolution: Intervene in Somalia," Independent, December 22, 2011
"The United States' Scramble for Africa's Resources
Escalates," The Wisdom Fund, January 28, 2013
[Al-Shabab said the attack was in response to Kenyan troops in Somalia.--"Somalia's al-Shabab claims
Nairobi Westgate Kenya attack," bbc.co.uk, September 21, 2013]
[ . . . the U.S. government has intervened directly in Somalia and backed repeated
invasions by neighboring African states, including Kenya. In the process, a relatively
moderate government was overthrown, resistance to invaders was radicalized, and the
al-Qaeda-linked al-Shabaab gained partial control, which would have been unlikely
without that intervention.--"The Kenyan massacre's roots in America's Somalia policy,"
fff.org, September 24, 2013]
Scott Horton, "U.S. government to blame for Somalia's misery," fff.org, September 25, 2013
Paul Gottinger, "Savage U.S. Policies: Understanding Kenya's Westgate Mall Attack,"
counterpunch.org, September 25, 2013
Amy Goodman and Nermeen Shaikh, "Jeremy Scahill: Al-Shabab's
Nairobi Mall Rampage Tied to 'Disastrous' US Meddling in Somalia,"
truth-out.org, September 26, 2013
Andre Vltchek, "What
Really Happened at Westgate," counterpunch.org, September 27, 2013
Alvite Singh Ningthoujam, "Military ties bind
Israel and Kenya," atimes.com, October 9, 2013
[Countries are "pieces on a chessboard upon which is being played out a great game for
the domination of the world", wrote Lord Curzon, the viceroy of India, in 1898. Nothing
has changed. The shopping mall massacre in Nairobi was a bloody facade behind which a
full-scale invasion of Africa and a war in Asia are the great game.--John Pilger, "More
Than Jihadism or Iran, China's Role in Africa is Obama's Obsession," theguardian.com,
October 9, 2013]
Editorial Board, "Why are we in Somalia? A military intervention with no purpose
for U.S.," post-gazette.com, October 18, 2016
[Even easier to ignore Somalia, whose descent into warlordism is fundamentally linked to
overfishing of corporate trawlers inside Somalia's territorial waters and interventions
by foreign powers (including the United States). . . .
489 million of those who are chronically food insecure and malnourished live in countries
affected by conflict.--Vijay Prashad, "From War in Syria to
Bombing in Somalia, We Are Witnessing the Division of Humanity,"
alternet.org, October 18, 2016]
Michael M. Phillips, "America's
Other Endless War: Battling al-Shabaab in Somalia," wsj.com, January 17, 2019