July 1, 2013
The Guardian (UK)

Egypt In Turmoil As Defiant Morsi Stands Firm Over 'Coup' Threat

President retains US backing and refuses to bow down to two-day ultimatum from the head of the nation's armed forces

by Patrick Kingsley

Egypt was thrown into fresh turmoil on Monday when President Mohamed Morsi's aides indicated he would not give in to the threat of a military coup just hours after the army gave him two days to placate the millions who have taken to the streets calling for his departure.

The head of Egypt's armed forces, General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, threatened direct military involvement in the political process "if the demands of the people are not met", in a statement implying that Morsi should either step down or at least call early elections.

The presidency indicated that it viewed the statement as a coup d'etat. . . .

As the night wore on, Morsi's position seemed ever more untenable, with the Ministry of the Interior announcing its "complete solidarity" with Egypt's armed forces, and the army taking control of local government headquarters in Fayoum, a governorship south of Cairo. . . .


M K Bhadrakumar, "Egypt Thumbs The Nose At US," Asia Times Online, August 21, 2012

[Washington engineered Hosni Mubarak's ouster. He fell from grace. He opposed Obama's regional agenda. It cost him dearly.

He became more liability than asset. Mohammed Morsi replaced him. He's Washington's man in Egypt. Hard line rule continues.

Morsi's its public face. Egypt's anti-democratic tradition persists. Junta power rules. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) runs things.--Stephen Lendman, "Mass Protests Rock Egypt,", July 1, 2013]

[The number of people who joined in protests on Sunday was between 14m and 17m people--Gregg Carlstrom, "Army delivers ultimatum to end Egypt crisis: President Mohamed Morsi and opposition groups told they have 48 hours to calm protests, or face intervention.,", July 1, 2013]

[Secular Algerians supported their army in 1992 when it cancelled the second round of elections which would have been won by the Islamic Salvation Front. The "national security" of the state was in danger, the Algerian generals said - the very words used by Egypt's military leaders on Monday. And there followed in Algeria a civil war that killed 250,000 people.--Robert Fisk, "Military rule would be more like the silly junta who took over after Mubarak,", July 1, 2013]

"Egypt's Army Says Morsi Role at Syria Rally Seen as Turning Point," Reuters, July 2, 2013

"Army ousts Egypt's President Morsi,", July 3, 2013

Robert Fisk, "When is a military coup not a military coup? When it happens in Egypt, apparently,", July 4, 2013

[Far from a spontaneous uprising by Egyptians, - aka "a people's revolution" - what really happened was a putsch orchestrated by Egypt's "deep government" and outside powers - the latest phase of the counter-revolution against the so-called Arab Spring. . . .

The dictatorship's old guard - better known as the "deep government" - sought to thwart every move of the Brotherhood.--Eric Margolis, "The US Destroys a Moderate Muslim Regime,", July 8, 2013

Emad Mekay, "US bankrolled anti-Morsi activists: Documents reveal US money trail to Egyptian groups that pressed for president's removal,", July 10, 2013

[The Mubarakist bourgeoisie's response was that Egypt was theirs to pillage alone and that they would not allow some Islamist upstarts to move in on their territory. . . . Mubarak's bourgeoisie set their media empires loose on Mursi and the MB. Week after week, hour after hour, on television, in the press, on social media, especially Facebook but also twitter, a campaign of vilification, exaggerations, and outright lies would ensue. . . . Gripped by popular fascist love fests for the army, Egypt is now ruled by an army whose top leadership was appointed and served under Mubarak, and is presided over by a judge appointed by Mubarak, and is policed by the same police used by Mubarak.--Joseph Massad, "Mubarakism Without Mubarak: The Struggle for Egypt,", July 12, 2013]

Hamza Hendawi and Maggie Michael, "Egypt Clashes: Weekend Death Toll Hits 80 As Interior Minister Warns Sit-Ins,", July 28, 2013

Patrick Kingsley, "Egypt restores feared secret police units,", July 29, 2013

[Egyptian authorities have, by their own count, detained 22,000 people since the July 2013 military-backed ouster of the democratically elected president, Mohamed Morsy.--Glenn Greenwald, "After Feigning Love for Egyptian Democracy, U.S. Back To Openly Supporting Tyranny,", October 2, 2014]

"Hosni Mubarak: Egypt court drops murder charges over 2011 killings,", November 29, 2014

Mark Hertsgaard, "Secret Tapes of the 2013 Egypt Coup Plot Pose a Problem for Obama,", May 10, 2015

"Egypt's Morsi: The Final Hours," Al Jazeera, March 19, 2019

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