THE WISDOM FUND: News & Views
September 9, 2008
OpEdNews

Was America Attacked by Muslims on 9/11?

by David Ray Griffin

Much of America's foreign policy since 9/11 has been based on the assumption that it was attacked by Muslims on that day. This assumption was used, most prominently, to justify the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. It is now widely agreed that the use of 9/11 as a basis for attacking Iraq was illegitimate: none of the hijackers were Iraqis, there was no working relation between Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden, and Iraq was not behind the anthrax attacks. But it is still widely believed that the US attack on Afghanistan was justified. For example, the New York Times, while referring to the US attack on Iraq as a "war of choice," calls the battle in Afghanistan a "war of necessity." Time magazine has dubbed it "the right war." And Barack Obama says that one reason to wind down our involvement in Iraq is to have the troops and resources to "go after the people in Afghanistan who actually attacked us on 9/11."

The assumption that America was attacked by Muslims on 9/11 also lies behind the widespread perception of Islam as an inherently violent religion and therefore of Muslims as guilty until proven innocent. This perception surely contributed to attempts to portray Obama as a Muslim, which was lampooned by a controversial cartoon on the July 21, 2008, cover of The New Yorker.

As could be illustrated by reference to many other post-9/11 developments, including as spying, torture, extraordinary rendition, military tribunals, America's new doctrine of preemptive war, and its enormous increase in military spending, the assumption that the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were attacked by Muslim hijackers has had enormous negative consequences for both international and domestic issues.1

Is it conceivable that this assumption might be false? Insofar as Americans and Canadians would say "No," they would express their belief that this assumption is not merely an "assumption" but is instead based on strong evidence. When actually examined, however, the proffered evidence turns out to be remarkably weak. I will illustrate this point by means of 16 questions. . . .

1. Were Mohamed Atta and the Other Hijackers Devout Muslims? . . .

2. Do Authorities Have Hard Evidence of Osama bin Laden's Responsibility for 9/11? . . .

3. Was Evidence of Muslim Hijackers Provided by Phone Calls from the Airliners? . . .

4. Was the Presence of Hijackers Proved by a Radio Transmission "from American 11"? . . .

5. Did Passports and a Headband Provide Evidence that al-Qaeda Operatives Were on the Flights? . . .

6. Did the Information in Atta's Luggage Prove the Responsibility of al-Qaeda Operatives? . . .

7. Were al-Qaeda Operatives Captured on Airport Security Videos? . . .

8. Were the Names of the "Hijackers" on the Passenger Manifests? . . .

9. Did DNA Tests Identify Five Hijackers among the Victims at the Pentagon? . . .

10. Has the Claim That Some of the "Hijackers" Are Still Alive Been Debunked? . . .

11. Is There Positive Evidence That No Hijackers Were on the Planes? . . .

12. Were bin Laden and al-Qaeda Capable of Orchestrating the Attacks? . . .

13. Could Hani Hanjour Have Flown Flight 77 into the Pentagon? . . .

14. Would an al-Qaeda Pilot Have Executed that Maneuver? . . .

15. Could al-Qaeda Operatives Have Brought Down the World Trade Center Buildings? . . .

16. Would al-Qaeda Operatives Have Imploded the Buildings? . . .

Conclusion

All the proffered evidence that America was attacked by Muslims on 9/11, when subjected to critical scrutiny, appears to have been fabricated. If that is determined indeed to be the case, the implications would be enormous. Discovering and prosecuting the true perpetrators of the 9/11 attacks would obviously be important. The most immediate consequence, however, should be to reverse those attitudes and policies that have been based on the assumption that America was attacked by Muslims on 9/11.

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David Ray Griffin is professor emeritus at Claremont School of Theology and Claremont Graduate University, where he taught philosophy of religion and theology, with special emphases on the problem of evil and the relations between science and religion, theology and ecology, religion and politics, and modernity and postmodernity. He has published 34 books, including seven about 9/11, most recently The New Pearl Harbor Revisited: 9/11, The Cover-Up, and the Expose (Olive Branch, 2008). Dr. Griffin's previous books about 9/11 include The New Pearl Harbor: Disturbing Questions about the Bush Administration and 9/11 (2004), The 9/11 Commission Report: Omissions and Distortions (2005), The American Empire and the Commonwealth of God (2005, co-authored with John B. Cobb, Jr., Richard Falk, and Catherine Keller), Christian Faith and the Truth about 9/11: A Call to Reflection and Action (2006), 9/11 and American Empire: Intellectuals Speak Out (2006, co-edited with Peter Dale Scott), Debunking 9/11 Debunking: An Answer to Popular Mechanics and Other Defenders of the Official Conspiracy Theory (2007), and 9/11 Contradictions: An Open Letter to Congress and the Press (2008).

Elias Davidsson, "The Events of September 11, 2001 and the Right to the Truth," aldeilis.net, April 14, 2008

"911 Contradictions: An Open Letter to Congress and the Press," Pakistan Daily, June 10, 2008

[Italian film-maker Giulietto Chiesa, who was in Berlin for a screening of his documentary which questions the official US version of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, has called for an international tribunal to probe events.--"Filmmaker Urges International Tribunal to Probe 9/11," Deutsche Welle, September 8, 2008]

[Less than 3,000 people were killed on that day. It was a horrific and an unspeakable tragedy for the victims and their loved ones. Bu - numerically speaking - it's a small event in today's ocean of violence against other people, other cultures and Nature. According to trustworthy statistics, the global injustice system kills about 100,000 people per day; that is thirty 9/11s per day that we could decide to prevent - if we fought a war on injustice and mal-development.

The data for losses of civilian and military lives in both Iraq and Afghanistan are disputed. But estimates of the deaths due to sanctions against Iraq are around 1 million people; some add 600,000 during the war and there are more than 4 mllion out of a population of 25 million who have left their homes.

In the U.S. alone, about 30,000 are killed annually, Americans killing other Americans and roughly 300,000 die of obesity.--Jan Oberg, "September 11 seven years later and what we said at the time," internationalpeaceandconflict.org, September 10, 2008]

VIDEO: "911 FALSE FLAG," NuoViso, September 11, 2008

AUDIO: "Forensic Science 101 With David Ray Griffin," electric politics, September 19, 2008

VIDEO: "9/11 Truth: It Wasn't Muslims," geotauaisay.com, June 12, 2009

"What Really Happened on September 11, 2001," The Wisdom Fund

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